Built Environment and Elderly Population Health: A Comprehensive Literature Review

Noe Garin 1, 2, 3, Beatriz Olaya 1, 2, 3, Marta Miret 3, 4, 5, Jose Luis Ayuso-Mateos 3, 4, 5, Michael Power 6, Paola Bucciarelli 7, Josep Maria Haro *, 1, 2, 3
1 Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Universitat de Barcelona. Dr Antoni Pujades, 42, 08830, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Bar-celona, Spain
2 Fundació Sant Joan de Déu. Santa Rosa, 39-57, 08950. Esplugues de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
3 Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental, CIBERSAM. Monforte de Lemos 3-5. Pabellón 11. 28029 Madrid, Spain
4 Department of Psychiatry, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Arzobispo Morcillo s/n 28029 Madrid, Spain
5 Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitario de La Princesa, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Princesa (IP). Diego de León, 62, 28006. Madrid, Spain
6 Instituto de Salud Carlos III; Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Health in Social Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
7 Scientific Directorate, Neurological Institute Carlo Besta, Milan, Via Celoria 11, Italy

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© Garin et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

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* Address correspondence to this author at the Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Universitat de Barcelona. Dr Antoni Pujades, 42, 08830, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain; Tel: +34 936406350; Fax: +34 935569674; E-mail:


Global population aging over recent years has been linked to poorer health outcomes and higher healthcare expenditure. Policies focusing on healthy aging are currently being developed but a complete understanding of health determinants is needed to guide these efforts. The built environment and other external factors have been added to the International Classification of Functioning as important determinants of health and disability. Although the relationship between the built environment and health has been widely examined in working age adults, research focusing on elderly people is relatively recent. In this review, we provide a comprehensive synthesis of the evidence on the built environment and health in the elderly.

Keywords: Built environment, elderly people, literature review, mental health, physical health, quality of life, well-being. .