The Role of Physical Activity on Mood State and Functional Skills of Elderly Women



Renato Sobral Monteiro-Junior1, 2, Vinicius Dias Rodrigues1, 2, Carlos Campos3, Flávia Paes3, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez4, Geraldo A. Maranhão-Neto5, Sergio Machado3, 6, 7, *
1 Physical Education and Sport Department, State University of Montes Claros, Minas Gerais, Brazil
2 Post Graduation Program of Health Sciences, State University of Montes Claros, Minas Gerais, Brazil
3 Laboratory of Panic and Respiration (LABPR), Institute of Psychiatry of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (IPUB/UFRJ), RJ - Brazil
4 Laboratorio de Neurociencias Moleculares e Integrativas, Escuela de Medicina, División Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Anáhuac Mayab, Yucatán, Mexico
5 Physical Activity Sciences Postgraduate Program - Salgado de Oliveira University, Niterói, Brazil
6 Laboratory of Physical Activity Neuroscience (LABNAF), Physical Activity Sciences Postgraduate Program (PGCAF), Salgado de Oliveira University (UNIVERSO), Niterói, RJ - Brazil
7 Intercontinental Neuroscience Research Group, Brazil


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© 2017 Monteiro-Junior et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Salgado de Oliveira University, Marechal Deodoro Street, 263.CEP 24030-060. Niterói, Brazil; Tel: +5538988042715; E-mail: secm80@gmail.com


Abstract

Introduction:

Ageing is associated with several physical, psychological and behavioral changes. These changes are closely related with global health and functional capacity in the elderly. Mood disturbances are common among the elderly and may significantly increase apathy, resulting in decreased habitual physical activity levels.

Materials and Methods:

The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the mood state and functional motor capacities of elderly women engaged in a public physical activity program in Brazil and compare them with physically inactive elderly. Thirty elderly women were included in the study and categorized into two groups: physically active group, composed of participants enrolled on a public physical activity program (n = 16, 69±5 years) and physically inactive group (n = 14, 68±4 years). Total mood disturbance was assessed using the Profile of Mood States, whereas functional motor capacity was evaluated with the Sitting and Rising test. Independent t test and Mann-Whitney U] were used to compare groups.

Results:

The physically active group had lower total mood disturbance (p=0.02), confusion (p<0.01), tension (p<0.01), hostility (p=0.05) and fatigue (p=0.01) compared to the physically inactive group. There were no group differences regarding vigor, depression and sitting and rising performance (p>0.05).

Conclusion:

Lack of difference in functional motor capacity between the physically active and inactive elderly may be explained by the absence of exercise systematization in these programs.

Keywords: Ageing, Physical activity, Mood, Functional capacity.