Affective Changes During Cognitive Behavioural Therapy–As Measured by PANAS
Lars Saxon*, Sophie Henriksson, Adam Kvarnström, Arto J. Hiltunen
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2017
First Page: 115
Last Page: 124
Publisher ID: CPEMH-13-115
Article History:Received Date: 27/03/2017
Revision Received Date: 06/06/2017
Acceptance Date: 25/07/2017
Electronic publication date: 02/08/2017
Collection year: 2017
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Previous researches have indicated that self-reported positive affect and negative affect is changing in a healthy direction during Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT).
The aim of the present study was to examine how affective personality is related to psychopathology before and after CBT.
A group of clients (n = 73) was measured before and after CBT, differentiated by their problem areas at pre-therapy (i.e., depressive, anxious and mixed).
After therapy, clients experienced higher positive affect (p < .02, d=0.66), lower negative affect (p < .001, d=0.98) and there was a significant change in the distribution of affective personality regardless of problem area, χ2 = 8.41, df = 3, two-tailed p = .04, 99% CI [0.03, 0.04]. The change in the distribution was largest for the two most relevant personality types, self-actualization and self-destructive affective personality.
Results indicate that CBT can achieve changes in affect and affective personality.