RESEARCH ARTICLE


Comorbidity of Depression and Anxiety: Association with Poor Quality of Life in Type 1 and 2 Diabetic Patients



Ana Claudia C. de Ornelas Maia1, *, Arthur de Azevedo Braga1, Flávia Paes1, Sergio Machado1, 2, 3, 4, Mauro Giovanni Carta5, Antonio Egidio Nardi1, Adriana Cardoso Silva1
1 Laboratory of Panic and Respiration –Institute of Psychiatry of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro – Brazil, National Institute of Translational Medicine (INCT-TM), Brazil
2 Institute of Phylosophy, Federal University of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais – Brazil
3 Quiropraxia Program of Faculty of Medical Sciences, Central University (UCEN), Santiago, Chile
4 Salgado de Oliveira University, Niterói, Brazil
5 Department of Public Health and Clinical and Molecular Medicine, University of Cagliari, Italy


Article Metrics

CrossRef Citations:
0
Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 623
Abstract HTML Views: 453
PDF Downloads: 165
Total Views/Downloads: 1241
Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 421
Abstract HTML Views: 259
PDF Downloads: 131
Total Views/Downloads: 811



© Maia et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Panic and Respiration Laboratory – Institute of Psychiatry of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (IPUB/UFRJ), Brazil; E-mail: acornelas@yahoo.com.br


Abstract

Background:

Diabetes is associates with depression and impairment in Quality of Life (QoL).

Objective:

The objective is to define the frequencies of depressive and anxiety symptoms in a sample of patients diagnosed with type 1 and 2 diabetes, the amount of impairment of QoL and the weight of depression and anxiety in determining the QoL in such of patients.

Methods:

A total of 210 patients were divided into two groups (type 1 and type 2). Patients completed the HADS and WHOQoL-bref.

Results:

Groups showed a high prevalence of anxiety (type 1 = 60%, type 2 = 43.8%) and depression (type 1 = 52.4%, type 2 = 38.1%), both measures were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in diabetes type 1 patients. Type 1 patients also showed a QoL in the overall assessment and the physical, psychological and social relations domains. In both Type 1 and 2 diabetes poor QoL was found associated by anxiety and depression comorbidity.

Conclusion:

In overall diabetes patients depression and anxiety seems to be a determinant of poor QoL.

Keywords: : Anxiety, depression, quality of life, type 1 and type 2 diabetes.