Comorbidity of Depression and Anxiety: Association with Poor Quality of Life in Type 1 and 2 Diabetic Patients
Ana Claudia C. de Ornelas Maia1, *, Arthur de Azevedo Braga1, Flávia Paes1, Sergio Machado1, 2, 3, 4, Mauro Giovanni Carta5, Antonio Egidio Nardi1, Adriana Cardoso Silva1
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2013
First Page: 136
Last Page: 141
Publisher Id: CPEMH-9-136
Article History:Received Date: 24/2/2013
Revision Received Date: 18/5/2013
Acceptance Date: 19/5/2013
Electronic publication date: 12/7/2013
Collection year: 2013
open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
Diabetes is associates with depression and impairment in Quality of Life (QoL).
The objective is to define the frequencies of depressive and anxiety symptoms in a sample of patients diagnosed with type 1 and 2 diabetes, the amount of impairment of QoL and the weight of depression and anxiety in determining the QoL in such of patients.
A total of 210 patients were divided into two groups (type 1 and type 2). Patients completed the HADS and WHOQoL-bref.
Groups showed a high prevalence of anxiety (type 1 = 60%, type 2 = 43.8%) and depression (type 1 = 52.4%, type 2 = 38.1%), both measures were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in diabetes type 1 patients. Type 1 patients also showed a QoL in the overall assessment and the physical, psychological and social relations domains. In both Type 1 and 2 diabetes poor QoL was found associated by anxiety and depression comorbidity.
In overall diabetes patients depression and anxiety seems to be a determinant of poor QoL.