RESEARCH ARTICLE


Prevalence and Associated Factors of Common Mental Disorders Among Adult Residents in Silte Zone, Southern Ethiopia



Mohammed Muze1, *, Mehbub Denur2, Mubarek Hussein3, Mufta Muzemil1, Mubarek Yesse4, Shemsu Kedir4
1 Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Werabe University, Southern Ethiopia
2 Department of psychiatry, Werabe Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Southern Ethiopia
3 Department of Quality Assurance, Werabe Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Southern Ethiopia
4 Department of Public Health, Collage of Medicine and Health Sciences, Werabe University, Southern Ethiopia


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Creative Commons License
© 2021 Muze et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Werabe University, Southern Ethiopia; Tel: +251916456110; E-mail: mohec53@gmail.com


Abstract

Introduction:

Mental health problems appear to be increasing in importance in Africa. Mental and substance use disorders were the leading cause of yearly lived with disability in Sub-Saharan Africa. Evidence from previous studies shows considerable variation in the prevalence of these disorders. The most acceptable explanation for this wide variation is likely to be the fact that socio cultural factors are major determinants of mental disorders. Therefore a mental disorder has to be understood in a specific setting to develop effective and tailored interventions.

Objective:

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated factors of common mental disorders among adult residents in Silte Zone, southern Ethiopia

Methods:

Community based cross-sectional study was conducted in the study area. A total of 1178 adults were selected by using a three-stage systematic sampling technique. The Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) was used to determine the prevalence of common mental disorders. Data were analyzed by using SPSS version 20. Both bivariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were employed to identify factors associated with common mental disorders.

Results:

The prevalence of common mental disorders among adults found to be 39.7%. Increased age (OR = 1.114; 95% CI = 1.095, 1.134), being female (OR = 9.421; 95% CI = 5.947, 14.926), poor social support (OR = 1.987; 95% CI = 1.358, 2.907) and having life threatening experience (OR = 2.162; 95% CI = 1.825, 2.562) were significantly associated with common mental disorders.

Conclusion:

In the study, the magnitude of common mental disorders remains high in the study area. Increased age, being female, poor social support and having life-threatening experience were significantly associated with common mental disorders.

Keywords: Common mental disorders, Self-reporting questionnaire, Social support, Anxiety, Somatic, Symptoms, Depression.