Prevention Actions of Burnout Syndrome in Nurses: An Integrating Literature Review

Sidney Medeiros de Oliveira*, Luiz Vinicius de Alcantara Sousa, Maria do Socorro Vieira Gadelha, Vânia Barbosa do Nascimento
Faculty of Medicine of Santo André, São Paulo SP, Brasil

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Creative Commons License
© 2019 de Oliveira et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Faculty of Medicine of Santo André- São Paulo, Brasil; E-mail:



To identify the strategies for the prevention of burnout syndrome in nurses; and discuss the results for future interventions that can decrease burnout in these professionals.


An integrative review of the literature.

Data Sources:

PubMed, Lilacs, Medline, Scielo, and Science Direct, from April 2018 to July 2018.


The sources were in all 553 references were found. The following guiding question was: Which interventions for the prevention of burnout in nurses have been applied and have obtained high effectiveness?


Based on the inclusion and exclusion factors, 30 studies were selected for analysis. The studies were categorized in individual, group and organizational, being the studies with actions in groups those of greater prevalence.


The actions used to cope with burnout were, for the most part, effective, with some demonstrating greater success than others. From the 30 reviewed studies, the results did not obtain satisfactory improvement in burnout in only three interventions: 1) Systematic nursing supervision; 2) Basic nursing care; and 3) Psycho-oncological training program.

Keywords: Burnout, Nurses, Health promotion, Prevention and control, Psychooncology, Stress.