Working and Environmental Factors on Job Burnout: A Cross-sectional Study Among Nurses
Maura Galletta, Igor Portoghese*, Marta Ciuffi, Federica Sancassiani, Ernesto D' Aloja, Marcello Campagna
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2016
First Page: 132
Last Page: 141
Publisher Id: CPEMH-12-132
Article History:Received Date: 08/03/2016
Revision Received Date: 15/08/2016
Acceptance Date: 08/09/2016
Electronic publication date: 11/11/2016
Collection year: 2016
open-access license: This is an open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the work is properly cited.
Burnout is a problem that impacts on the staff management costs and on the patient care quality.
This work aimed to investigate some psychosocial factors related to burnout. Specifically, we explored the sample characteristics for moderate/high emotional exhaustion, cynicism and professional inefficacy, as well as the relationship between both working and environmental variables and burnout.
A cross-sectional study involving 307 nurses from one Italian hospital was carried out. A self-reported questionnaire was used to collect data. Data analysis was performed by using SPSS 19.0.
The results showed that there was a significant difference between nurses with low and moderate/high burnout in all the three components in almost all the examined organizational variables. In addition, we found that the aspects of working life had a significant impact on the three dimensions of burnout.
The findings of this study not only can provide useful basis for future research in the field, but also can offer practical suggestions for improving nursing practice and promote effective workplace, thus reducing the risk burnout among nurses.